CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst Certification Boot Camp (CySA+) (CS0-002)

CompTIA CySA+ Training Description

Duration: 5 days

About the Course

The CompTIA CySA+ examination is designed for IT security analysts, vulnerability analysts, or threat intelligence analysts. The exam will certify that the successful candidate has the knowledge and skills required to configure and use threat detection tools, perform data analysis, and interpret the results to identify vulnerabilities, threats, and risks to an organization with the end goal of securing and protecting applications and systems within an organization.

Audience Profile

CompTIA CySA+ certification is aimed at IT professionals with (or seeking) job roles such as IT Security Analyst, Security Operations Center (SOC) Analyst, Vulnerability Analyst, Cybersecurity Specialist, Threat Intelligence Analyst, and Security Engineer.

Learning Objectives

Threat and Vulnerability Management – Utilize and apply proactive threat intelligence to support organizational security and perform vulnerability management activities

Software and Systems Security – Apply security solutions for infrastructure management and explain software & hardware assurance best practices

Compliance and Assessment – Apply security concepts in support of organizational risk mitigation and understand the importance of frameworks, policies, procedures, and controls

Security Operations and Monitoring – Analyze data as part of continuous security monitoring activities and implement configuration changes to existing controls to improve security

Incident Response – Apply the appropriate incident response procedure, analyze potential indicators of compromise, and utilize basic digital forensics techniques

Certification Exam

This training course prepares students for the CompTIA CySA+ (CS0-002) Exam

Prerequisites

The CompTIA CySA+ certification is intended to follow CompTIA Security+ or have 3-4 years of hands-on information security experience.

What’s included?

  • Authorized Courseware
  • Intensive Hands on Skills Development with an Experienced Subject Matter Expert
  • Hands-on practice on real Servers and extended lab support 1.800.482.3172
  • Examination Vouchers & Onsite Certification Testing- (excluding Adobe and PMP Boot Camps)
  • Academy Code of Honor: Test Pass Guarantee
  • Optional: Package for Hotel Accommodations, Lunch and Transportation

With several convenient training delivery methods offered, The Academy makes getting the training you need easy. Whether you prefer to learn in a classroom or an online live learning virtual environment, training videos hosted online, and private group classes hosted at your site. We offer expert instruction to individuals, government agencies, non-profits, and corporations. Our live classes, on-sites, and online training videos all feature certified instructors who teach a detailed curriculum and share their expertise and insights with trainees. No matter how you prefer to receive the training, you can count on The Academy for an engaging and effective learning experience.

Methods

  • Instructor Led (the best training format we offer)
  • Live Online Classroom – Online Instructor Led
  • Self-Paced Video

Speak to an Admissions Representative for complete details

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12/12/202212/16/2022
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10/23/202310/27/2023
11/13/202311/17/2023
12/4/202312/8/2023
12/25/202312/29/2023

Curriculum

1.0 Threat and Vulnerability Management

1.1 Explain the importance of threat data and intelligence.

• Intelligence sources
– Open-source intelligence
– Proprietary/closed-source intelligence
– Timeliness
– Relevancy
– Accuracy
• Confidence levels
• Indicator management
– Structured Threat Information eXpression (STIX)
– Trusted Automated eXchange of Indicator Information (TAXII)
– OpenIoC
• Threat classification
– Known threat vs. unknown threat
– Zero-day
– Advanced persistent threat
• Threat actors
– Nation-state
– Hacktivist
– Organized crime
– Insider threat
– Intentional
– Unintentional
• Intelligence cycle
– Requirements
– Collection
– Analysis
– Dissemination
– Feedback
• Commodity malware
• Information sharing and analysis communities
– Healthcare
– Financial
– Aviation
– Government
– Critical infrastructure

1.2 Given a scenario, utilize threat intelligence to support organizational security.

• Attack frameworks
– MITRE ATT&CK
– The Diamond Model of Intrusion Analysis
– Kill chain
• Threat research
– Reputational
– Behavioral
– Indicator of compromise (IoC)
– Common vulnerability scoring system (CVSS)
• Threat modeling methodologies
– Adversary capability
– Total attack surface
– Attack vector
– Impact
– Likelihood
• Threat intelligence sharing with supported functions
– Incident response
– Vulnerability management
– Risk management
– Security engineering
– Detection and monitoring

1.3 Given a scenario, perform vulnerability management activities.

• Vulnerability identification
– Asset criticality
– Active vs. passive scanning
– Mapping/enumeration
• Validation
– True positive
– False positive
– True negative
– False negative
• Remediation/mitigation
– Configuration baseline
– Patching
– Hardening
– Compensating controls
– Risk acceptance
– Verification of mitigation
• Scanning parameters and criteria
– Risks associated with scanning activities
– Vulnerability feed
– Scope
– Credentialed vs. non-credentialed
– Server-based vs. agent-based
– Internal vs. external
– Special considerations
– Types of data
– Technical constraints
– Workflow
– Sensitivity levels
– Regulatory requirements
– Segmentation
– Intrusion prevention system (IPS), intrusion detection system (IDS), and firewall settings
• Inhibitors to remediation
– Memorandum of understanding (MOU)
– Service-level agreement (SLA)
– Organizational governance
– Business process interruption
– Degrading functionality
– Legacy systems
– Proprietary systems

1.4 Given a scenario, analyze the output from common vulnerability assessment tools.

• Web application scanner
– OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP)
– Burp suite
– Nikto
– Arachni
• Infrastructure vulnerability scanner
– Nessus
– OpenVAS
– Qualys
• Software assessment tools and techniques
– Static analysis
– Dynamic analysis
– Reverse engineering
– Fuzzing
• Enumeration
– Nmap
– hping
– Active vs. passive
– Responder
• Wireless assessment tools
– Aircrack-ng
– Reaver
– oclHashcat
• Cloud infrastructure assessment tools
– ScoutSuite
– Prowler
– Pacu

1.5 Explain the threats and vulnerabilities associated with specialized technology

• Mobile
• Internet of Things (IoT)
• Embedded
• Real-time operating system (RTOS)
• System-on-Chip (SoC)
• Field programmable gate array (FPGA)
• Physical access control
• Building automation systems
• Vehicles and drones
– CAN bus
• Workflow and process automation systems
• Industrial control system
• Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)
– Modbus

1.6 Explain the threats and vulnerabilities associated with operating in the cloud.

• Cloud service models
– Software as a Service (SaaS)
– Platform as a Service (PaaS)
– Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
• Cloud deployment models
– Public
– Private
– Community
– Hybrid
• Function as a Service (FaaS)/
serverless architecture
• Infrastructure as code (IaC)
• Insecure application programming interface (API)
• Improper key management
• Unprotected storage
• Logging and monitoring
– Insufficient logging and monitoring
– Inability to access

1.7 Given a scenario, implement controls to mitigate attacks and software vulnerabilities.

• Attack types
– Extensible markup language (XML) attack
– Structured query language (SQL) injection
– Overflow attack
– Buffer
– Integer
– Heap
– Remote code execution
– Directory traversal
– Privilege escalation
– Password spraying
– Credential stuffing
– Impersonation
– On-path attack (previously known as man-in-the-middle attack)
– Session hijacking
– Rootkit
– Cross-site scripting
– Reflected
– Persistent
– Document object model (DOM)
• Vulnerabilities
– Improper error handling
– Dereferencing
– Insecure object reference
– Race condition
– Broken authentication
– Sensitive data exposure
– Insecure components
– Insufficient logging and monitoring
– Weak or default configurations
– Use of insecure functions
– strcpy

2.0 Software and Systems Security

2.1 Given a scenario, apply security solutions for infrastructure management.

• Cloud vs. on-premises
• Asset management
– Asset tagging
• Segmentation
– Physical
– Virtual
– Jumpbox
– System isolation
– Air gap
• Network architecture
– Physical
– Software-defined
– Virtual private cloud (VPC)
– Virtual private network (VPN)
– Serverless
• Change management
• Virtualization
– Virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI)
• Containerization
• Identity and access management
– Privilege management
– Multifactor authentication (MFA)
– Single sign-on (SSO)
– Federation
– Role-based
– Attribute-based
– Mandatory
– Manual review
• Cloud access security broker (CASB)
• Honeypot
• Monitoring and logging
• Encryption
• Certificate management
• Active defense

2.2 Explain software assurance best practices.

• Platforms
– Mobile
– Web application
– Client/server
– Embedded
– System-on-chip (SoC)
– Firmware
• Software development life cycle (SDLC) integration
• DevSecOps
• Software assessment methods
– User acceptance testing
– Stress test application
– Security regression testing
– Code review
• Secure coding best practices
– Input validation
– Output encoding
– Session management
– Authentication
– Data protection
– Parameterized queries
• Static analysis tools
• Dynamic analysis tools
• Formal methods for verification of critical software
• Service-oriented architecture
– Security Assertions Markup Language (SAML)
– Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
– Representational State Transfer (REST)
– Microservices

2.3 Explain hardware assurance best practices.

• Hardware root of trust
– Trusted platform module (TPM)
– Hardware security module (HSM)
• eFuse
• Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI)
• Trusted foundry
• Secure processing
– Trusted execution
– Secure enclave
– Processor security extensions
– Atomic execution
• Anti-tamper
• Self-encrypting drive
• Trusted firmware updates
• Measured boot and attestation
• Bus encryption

3.0 Security Operations and Monitoring

3.1 Given a scenario, analyze data as part of security monitoring activities.

• Heuristics
• Trend analysis
• Endpoint
– Malware
– Reverse engineering
– Memory
– System and application behavior
– Known-good behavior
– Anomalous behavior
– Exploit techniques
– File system
– User and entity behavior analytics (UEBA)
• Network
– Uniform Resource Locator (URL) and domain name system (DNS) analysis
– Domain generation algorithm
– Flow analysis
– Packet and protocol analysis
– Malware
• Log review
– Event logs
– Syslog
– Firewall logs
– Web application firewall (WAF)
– Proxy
– Intrusion detection system (IDS)/Intrusion prevention system (IPS)
• Impact analysis
– Organization impact vs. localized impact
– Immediate vs. total
• Security information and event management (SIEM) review
– Rule writing
– Known-bad Internet protocol (IP)
– Dashboard
• Query writing
– String search
– Script
– Piping
• E-mail analysis
– Malicious payload
– Domain Keys Identified Mail (DKIM)
– Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC)
– Sender Policy Framework (SPF)
– Phishing
– Forwarding
– Digital signature
– E-mail signature block
– Embedded links
– Impersonation
– Header

3.2 Given a scenario, implement configuration changes to existing controls to improve security.

• Permissions
• Allow list (previously known as whitelisting)
• Blocklist (previously known as blacklisting)
• Firewall
• Intrusion prevention system (IPS) rules
• Data loss prevention (DLP)
• Endpoint detection and response (EDR)
• Network access control (NAC)
• Sinkholing
• Malware signatures
– Development/rule writing
• Sandboxing
• Port security

3.3 Explain the importance of proactive threat hunting.

• Establishing a hypothesis
• Profiling threat actors and activities
• Threat hunting tactics
– Executable process analysis
• Reducing the attack surface area
• Bundling critical assets
• Attack vectors
• Integrated intelligence
• Improving detection capabilities

3.4 Compare and contrast automation concepts and technologies.

• Workflow orchestration
– Security Orchestration, Automation, and Response (SOAR)
• Scripting
• Application programming interface (API) integration
• Automated malware signature creation
• Data enrichment
• Threat feed combination
• Machine learning
• Use of automation protocols and standards
– Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP)
• Continuous integration
• Continuous deployment/delivery

4.0 Incident Response

4.1 Explain the importance of the incident response process.

• Communication plan
– Limiting communication to trusted parties
– Disclosing based on regulatory/legislative requirements
– Preventing inadvertent release of information
– Using a secure method of communication
– Reporting requirements
• Response coordination with relevant entities
– Legal
– Human resources
– Public relations
– Internal and external
– Law enforcement
– Senior leadership
– Regulatory bodies
• Factors contributing to data criticality
– Personally identifiable information (PII)
– Personal health information (PHI)
– Sensitive personal information (SPI)
– High value asset
– Financial information
– Intellectual property
– Corporate information

4.2 Given a scenario, apply the appropriate incident response procedure.

• Preparation
– Training
– Testing
– Documentation of procedures
• Detection and analysis
– Characteristics contributing to severity level classification
– Downtime
– Recovery time
– Data integrity
– Economic
– System process criticality
– Reverse engineering
– Data correlation
• Containment
– Segmentation
– Isolation
• Eradication and recovery
– Vulnerability mitigation
– Sanitization
– Reconstruction/reimaging
– Secure disposal
– Patching
– Restoration of permissions
– Reconstitution of resources
– Restoration of capabilities and services
– Verification of logging/communication to security monitoring
• Post-incident activities
– Evidence retention
– Lessons learned report
– Change control process
– Incident response plan update
– Incident summary report
– IoC generation
– Monitoring

4.3 Given an incident, analyze potential indicators of compromise.

• Network-related
– Bandwidth consumption
– Beaconing
– Irregular peer-to-peer communication
– Rogue device on the network
– Scan/sweep
– Unusual traffic spike
– Common protocol over non-standard port
• Host-related
– Processor consumption
– Memory consumption
– Drive capacity consumption
– Unauthorized software
– Malicious process
– Unauthorized change
– Unauthorized privilege
– Data exfiltration
– Abnormal OS process behavior
– File system change or anomaly
– Registry change or anomaly
– Unauthorized scheduled task
• Application-related
– Anomalous activity
– Introduction of new accounts
– Unexpected output
– Unexpected outbound communication
– Service interruption
– Application log

4.4 Given a scenario, utilize basic digital forensics techniques.

• Network
– Wireshark
– tcpdump
• Endpoint
– Disk
– Memory
• Mobile
• Cloud
• Virtualization
• Legal hold
• Procedures
• Hashing
– Changes to binaries
• Carving
• Data acquisition

5.0 Compliance and Assessment

5.1 Understand the importance of data privacy and protection.

• Privacy vs. security
• Non-technical controls
– Classification
– Ownership
– Retention
– Data types
– Retention standards
– Confidentiality
– Legal requirements
– Data sovereignty
– Data minimization
– Purpose limitation
– Non-disclosure agreement (NDA)
• Technical controls
– Encryption
– Data loss prevention (DLP)
– Data masking
– Deidentification
– Tokenization
– Digital rights management (DRM)
– Watermarking
– Geographic access requirements
– Access controls

5.2 Given a scenario, apply security concepts in support of organizational risk mitigation.

• Business impact analysis
• Risk identification process
• Risk calculation
– Probability
– Magnitude
• Communication of risk factors
• Risk prioritization
– Security controls
– Engineering tradeoffs
• Systems assessment
• Documented compensating controls
• Training and exercises
– Red team
– Blue team
– White team
– Tabletop exercise
• Supply chain assessment
– Vendor due diligence
– Hardware source authenticity

5.3 Explain the importance of frameworks, policies, procedures, and controls.

• Frameworks
– Risk-based
– Prescriptive
• Policies and procedures
– Code of conduct/ethics
– Acceptable use policy (AUP)
– Password policy
– Data ownership
– Data retention
– Account management
– Continuous monitoring
– Work product retention
• Control types
– Managerial
– Operational
– Technical
– Preventative
– Detective
– Responsive
– Corrective
• Audits and assessments
– Regulatory
– Compliance